The Open Educational Resources movement was conceived as a way to transform and democratize access to education. The move-ment is less then ten years old, but it has already matured to a point at which govern-ments, companies – and, most importantly, teachers and learners around the world – are creating OERs and using them in count-less ways. The number of resources and projects available to copy, remix and share without restriction is growing week by week. However, this in itself does not guarantee a systemic change in the forms of public ed-ucation that currently prevail. Myths about OERs can stop people from using them and causing real educational change. The goal of this publication is to dispel those myths.